In the ancient art horses were a popular motive. Pegasus was born as a winged horse. As well Northern African and Spanish cultivation of horses were very estimated.
The first images of horses are found in Mykene. According to the myth Poseidon introduced it in Attica. Here the cultivation of horses already was highly developed.
The horse firstly served for pulling chariots and later for horse riding. Here the Quadriga is to be mentioned, a four horsed chariot with two wheels with horses pulling next to each other.
The owning of horses always was considered as a sign of wealth and power. From the countries Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia came excellent running horses. The Romans built Hippodroms for running competitions in many cities. The most famous Hippodrom was the one in Constantinopel, today's Istanbul. Constructed in the years 203 to 330 it was equipped with 80.000 seats! In the agriculture to the contrary horses at that tie weren't used that much.
- horse head from the eastern gable of Pantheon, Athene
- dated to the year 465 BC
- entire height: circa 22 cm
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