Glassware & Natural cork
For storing and protecting small things.
Cork & glass bottles
On the following pages, under the category commodities and utilities, the Roman Shop offers you, among others, a selection of corks and oiled wooden corks. Even the Assyrians, Egyptians and Greeks knew the cork since ancient times, which they used as closures for their Amphoras. However, corks made of terracotta were generally used, which in ancient times were fastened with a twine and sealed with lacquer, clay or pitch. Nevertheless, the Roman author Cato the Elder (234-149 BC) also wrote that wine jugs must be sealed with cork and pitch after fermentation. Thus, the Romans knew this process of closing bottles already in the 2nd century BC.
With the fall of the Roman Empire this was probably completely forgotten, especially since the Iberian Peninsula, which was the main source of cork bark, was conquered by the Moors in the 8th century. Until the late Middle Ages, vessels were mostly sealed with wooden plugs, pitch or wax. Glass stoppers were primarily used after the development of glass bottles, but at the beginning of the 17th century the cork became popular once again! The monk Dom Pérignon (1638-1715) - certainly a well known term for all wine connoisseurs- has also experimented with cork stoppers.
Corks initially had a conical shape due to different bottle neck sizes and were only plugged in partially for easy removal - after all, there were no corkscrews! However, after the invention of the corkscrew, cork stoppers for bottles received a cylindrical shape and were pushed completely into the bottle neck. From the middle of the 17th century, the cork used to be the most popular type of closure for bottles and led to a rapid boom in the cork industry - now declining again due to the lack of cork oaks ...
Roman glass bottles as decoration for tables
You can also find a wonderful blue glass bottle on these pages of the Roman Shop under the category commodities and utilities. This type of elegant bottle was used by the Romans to fill smaller vessels. Due to the narrow opening, the amount can be exactly dosed. The Roman transport bottle according to a find from the 1st to 3rd century AD has a more rustic-style, but it also looks very pretty on every antique table and, of course, on the dining table. This type of bottle was used by the Romans in ancient times to transport wine and oil in medium quantities.
Large quantities of the liquid goods were transported in amphorae. The elegant, rustic bottle is about 15 cm high and made of blue-green shimmering glass. There are original finds, which are displayed in many German museums, for example in Cologne or Trier. Let yourself be enchanted by these Roman bottles and corks! There are real beauties and unique masterpieces among them - but see for yourself!