Roman cups with fish motifs
The Roman glass and its history
Glass - beautiful, delicate, graceful and fragile, even in ancient times it was a desired item. Today glass is mainly a commodity, but 2000 years ago, it was a luxury. However, with the invention of the blowpipe 200 B.C. in Syria, an improved production became possible. With the spread of the Roman Empire it came over the Alps to the northern countries and around A.D. 50 the first glass factories were developed in Cologne and Trier.
The most important sources of raw materials for the Romans were the Sande on Belus, on Volturnus and am Rhein. Soda came from the natural alkaline sources of Wadi Natrun in Egypt and Syria. Even Assurbanipal knew in the 7th century about the plant Alicornia, from which alkali was derived, that was used for glass production.
- Glass cup with a diameter of 9 cm
- Height: 7 cm
- Painted by hand
- 3rd century
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