Handicraft Template Airship Hindenburg
The correct name for "Zeppelin" is actually airship. But because the first really usable airship had been designed by Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin (around 1900, in the typical cigar shape), all these aircraft were later called Zeppelins.
What is an airship? - It is an airplane, which (in contrast to our normal airplanes and helicopters) is lighter than air. How is that possible? Aren't all the building materials used for this purpose heavier than air, and of course the people and goods that travel in them?
It simply requires a large quantity of a gas that is lighter than air and thus ensures the necessary buoyancy. That is why these aircraft are so huge. (Our model, the "LZ 129 Hindenburg", was 245 m long and had a gas volume of 200,000 m3. But it was also the biggest Zeppelin of all times.) The airships are powered by combustion engines with propellers, steered by rudders.
Our "Hindenburg" was a gigantic miracle, in every respect. When it hovered silently over the roofs of a city, the sky darkened and people stopped and marveled. Not only the dimensions were colossal, also what was offered to the passengers corresponded to the amenities of a luxury hotel. There was (for the 30 passengers) a 50 m2 dining room, a lounge with concert grand, two 15 m long promenade decks with panoramic windows and a smoking room. Not to forget the spacious cabins with toilets, washrooms and dressing room.
Our airship left on 4 March 1926 for its maiden flight. In the course of 1926 it flew ten times to the USA (record time 61h 53') and seven times to Rio de Janeiro. All passengers were full of praise. The Zeppelin seemed to be a flawless construction and to have a great future.
The technicians and other initiates had long known about the danger: the Hindenburg could not be filled with helium gas contrary to plans. The highly flammable hydrogen gas had to be used because the USA did not want to supply helium. That went well for 14 months, but then, during a mooring manoeuvre in Lakehurst (USA), it happened: a jet flame, and within 40 seconds the huge airship was burned. 35 people lost their lives, miraculously saving the remaining 60 people.
Here are some more useful information:
- Length / Diameter 245 m / 46.8 m
- Maximum volume 200'000 m3
- Load capacity 214 t
- Payload Passengers 7 t
- Payload freight / mail 12 t
- Engines 4 Daimler-Benz diesel engines, 16 cyl. each, 1320 hp
- Airspeed 125 km/h
- Range 14'000 km
- Passengers / crew max. 36/60
- from 10+ suitable
- Scale 1:600
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