Otherwise the parchment , which replaced the papyrus gradually - As the biggest opponents of fine papyrus tissue worm damage , moisture and mechanical stress are .
Oldest , still preserved , Greek document , which can be found on papyrus , the work " Persai " Timotheos of Miletus applies . In this poem he describes the Battle of Salamis - 250 verses of which have survived to this document from papyrus.
The Greeks knew and use papyrus probably since about 600 BC Both Greeks and Romans also related the tissue until about 400 AD . About this time the substance has been replaced by parchment.
Nevertheless, the writing material did not disappear from the scene . Until the 9th Century AD was mainly used for private documents and official letters papyrus.
Papyrus , the first recordable material was already known in ancient times by the Egyptians , the Romans and the Greeks. It is believed that it was the ancient Egyptians who invented the manufacture of paper-like fabric and this then adopted . Since about 2800 BC . has been proven in use papyrus in Egypt.
The production of this network is determined by time-consuming and manual work. The starting point is called the papyrus plant , Cyperus papyrus also . This grass -like plant originally came from the tropical climes around Central Africa.
But it was very soon introduced in other regions as an ornamental and useful plant. First had weren shortened for the production of papyrus stems of the plant to the length , which should have the subsequent sheet. The outer skin was removed and rinsed and soaked the inner marrow for 14 days. Then the Markteilchen were plated and rolled out thin. Then the rolled stem were a checkerboard pattern superimposed and pressed firmly together. After the thus-processed pages were dried , they could be labeled or painted. As with the present paper , there were various levels of quality in the production of papyrus.
The finest leaves remained important documents reserved.
Today, papyrus scrolls , if well preserved, important witness and links to the story. In museums and exhibitions can be found of the fascination Papyrus !