Roman coin Denarius Emperor Vespasian
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Copy of a Roman Denarius: Emperor Vespasian
Vespasian (originally Titus Flavius Vespasianus, imperial name: Caesar Vespasianus Augustus), was born on 17 November 9 in Falacrinae. On 23 June 79 he died in Aquae Cutiliae. From 1 July 69 to 23 June 79 he was emperor of Rome. Vespasian won civil war and struggle for the imperial office in the Year of Four Emperors, 69 A.D., becoming the first Roman emperor of the Flavian dynasty.
The Denarius became the lead currency of the Roman Empire for more than four centuries. It had been introduced in 211 B.C. This nominal was minted at first in large quantities; the required silver came from the looting of Syracuse in 210 B.C. The Denarius was then worth ten Aes. Its weight was about 4.5 g, which is equal to the seventy-second part of the Roman pound. Besides, another two nominals were introduced: the Quinarius nummus that corresponded to half a Denarius, and the Sestertius - a quarter of a Denarius.
The design of the Denarii was varied, because the masters of the mint could freely shape them. These 'family coins' depicted preferably scenes of Roman mythology and history, or the forefathers of the masters of the mint. Julius Caesar was the first living person who was depicted on a Roman coin, yet only in early February of the year he died, in 44 B.C., when the senate granted him the corresponding right. In the short time till his murder, Caesar had a large amount of 'his' coins minted. Afterwards, the images of living Roman politicians became abundant, and for the first time, also their wives were found on coins, now called consular coins (or family coins).
During his ten years of rule, Vespasian succeeded in stabilising the empire politically and financially. Vespasian ascended the throne as a man of special properties in this position, on account of his tolerant and cosmopolitan attitude. He was and is reckoned as one of the most important emperors, placed on the same level as Augustus and Trajan.
- Copy of a Roman coin - Denarius - Titus Flavius Vespasianus.
- Diameter: approx. 2 cm